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Policy Process Part I of 2

March 31, 2017 • admin

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The Policy Process Part I

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* The Policy Process: Part I
* The challenge to maintain and improve health care today is an everyday job for government and state officials. Health care professionals around the world work in servitude to ensure the well being of others and maintain a systematic way of providing these needs. These officials are in constant preparation and negotiation of improvement policies for a more effective health care system. The decision to incorporate, revise, and sometimes remove these policies are vitally important to the American people, therefore cannot be taken lightly. The three stages of the process of a topic becoming a policy will be discussed: formulation, legislative, and implementation.
* One must realize the importance of understanding the process of how a topic eventually becomes a policy. A political process must be undergone to make a topic a policy. The idea, or the brainstorming effect, is the initial onset of beginning this process. Once the topic in evident, administration begins the routine sorting of advantages and disadvantages. In the problematic world today, more problems are evident than any organization can handle. Many of the issues today never make it to the political surface.
* Formulation
* Upon arriving at the recognition of becoming a topic, formulation can begin. If knowing is half the battle, the battle has begun. At this point, policy makers begin to concoct solutions. Numerous and inherent solutions come into play early in the process. Education and cultivation is vital at this stage. Policy makers can present it in a way of educating, funding, taxing, regulating, or simply not acknowledging. A variety of these tactics have proven to work effectively. The importance relies upon finding balance and structure. For example, simply cutting out products proven unhealthy is typically impossible. This is unconstitutional to the majority of Americans, minimizing freedom. On the other hand, policy makers can present these tactics in a different manner, producing anticipated results.
* Health policy analysis studies governmental policy regarding health care, including all aspects of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government that deal with the pursuit of health, the organization and employment of health care professionals, and the administration of health care services (Health Policy Analysis, para. 1, 2001).
* Furthermore, the social frame of reference concerning the formulation of health policy is a contributing factor to the makeup of health policy. Predominantly, social policy is made up of national health policy. After the fact, health policy formulation is altered by the variation and array of social and economic components that influence social policy development. The disposition of social, political, legislative, and judicial connections on policy, coupled with the brunt of public opinions. Notwithstanding, the media causes the formulation of an encompassing demand of health policy an overwhelming burden (Health Policy Analysis, para. 1, 2001).
* Legislative Stage
* ???From 1930 to 1980, the U.S. federal government became increasingly involved
* in establishing health care policies??? (Health Policy Analysis, para. 3, 2001). By 1965, Medicaid came into play because of the extreme lack of access to medical care and services. The funding for Medicaid came from both federal and state levels for lower-income citizens. During Reagan??™s presidency, he worked hard to obtain a reduction in the rising Medicaid budget. He pushed through legislation that constrained access. The cost reduction was apparent but, on the other hand, the fraction of women and children without insurance drastically increased. This had a domino effect, consequently, instigating new legislation expanding Medicaid eligibility and benefits.
* From the 1980s through the end of the century, health care remained in the spotlight of public policy and partisan politics. According to the Health Policy Tracking Service??™s (HPTS) report Major State Health Care Policies (1997), in 1997 the United States spent 14.2 percent of the gross domestic product on health care. Also, reporting on the activity of the fifty states??™ legislative sessions, HTPS noted that during 1997 over 25,000 pieces of legislation??”almost one of every five billed introduced-were health care-related (Health Policy Analysis, para. 3, 2001).
* Bringing a topic into the place of a decision occurs in a number of places. Within the stages of developing a policy in health care, most will in fact, be obligated to receive approval and involvement from Congress or the state legislature. On the other hand, each individual organization has its own way of the decision-making process. The legislation can be unrealistic and there can be clauses not possible to implement as is stated in the policy
* Great Britain formed a standing committee and member of Parliament, equivalent to the American house of representatives, to analyze a health care program. However, during the Clinton administration, when a health insurance recommendation was sent to Congress, more than 30 various committees attempted to lay claim. Seven of these committees and subcommittees conquered the proposal, substituting personal proposals for the presidents. According to KaiserEDU.org, para. 2, (2011), the Constitution bars members of Congress from holing posts in bureaucracy.
* Implementation Stage
* During the implementation stage, public officials and representatives establish the rules and regulations for the policy. This stage in the process can be considered the most difficult because many times sides are divided. This is the stage where each side can argue the advantages and disadvantages. Dispute and suit demands are part of this stage. During this stage, new policies and procedures are introduced and reinforced. The Court system does, in fact, play a huge role here.
* The implementation stage can be described as the technical stage of policy development that can take years. Each stage of policy formulation, legislation, and implementation is vital, especially in health care. Health care and policy officials are responsible for the evaluation of each stage. Each stage plays a key role in developing policies that affect everyone. Policy holders must be insured with the right coverage. This process has been formulated to brainstorm solutions to the problematic encounters in the way health care is delivered today.
* Implementation and evaluation go hand in hand. Upon implementation, many times decisions are questioned from political officials, policy holders, and the public. At this point, consequences are weighed heavily upon many contributing factors like: customer feedback, data analysis, and critics. This is how the decision of success versus failure can be determined. At times, a modification stage is necessary.
* As stated above, many activities must take place in developing a topic to a policy: setting the agenda, policy formulation, legislation, and implementation. Timing is everything, and as political officials know, much time is invested. Developing a time timeline is vital, although many times this process can take much longer than anticipated. Next, the policy must be formulated in accordance with what is needed and adopted in an attempt to make the necessary changes. In health care, this affects the way health care is delivered.
* Policy making is indeed an elaborate and complicated process. Each individual phase has its own exclusive way of progressing. At the beginning stages, the topic or problem is in the spot light. According to Monroe, Litman, and Robins (2008), the solution is preceding the problem.
* Health and government converge on different levels: through the law established by the federal and state legislative bodies, through the ruling of the judicial system, through principles characterized by federal and state organizations, and decisions put to public votes. So, health care policy is constructed through a sequence of each of these governing sectors at the local, state, and federal level (Kaiser EDU.org, para. 1, 2011).
* Conclusion
* The process from topic to policy is complex, ranging in a number of stages and
* tasks before being brought into practice. As discussed, formulation, legislation, and
* implementation are vital stages that must come into play during this process.
* Though each stage differs; however, one is in alignment with the other, leaving no
* room for failure. Brainstorming, administering, and testing are part of process
* during the developmental stages. The changes brought about within these stages do
* not happen overnight, therefore, methodical and analytical thinking must be put into
* each topic before it can genuinely become a policy.
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* References
Health Policy Analysis. (2001). In World of Sociology, Gale. Retrieved from
http://www.credoreference.com/entry/worldsocs/health_policy_analysis
Kaiser EDU.org, (2011). Health and government. Retrieved on January 24, 2011 from
http://www.kaiseredu.org/Topics/Health-and-Government.aspx
Morone, J.A., Litman, T.J., & Robins. L. S. (2008). Health politics and policy (4th ed.). Delmar Cengage Learning. Retrieved from University of Phoenix, rEsource, HCS-455- Health Care Policy: The Past and the Future Course website.

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