Policy Making Process
Running Head: Policy Making Process
HCM612-01 Ethics, Policy and Law in Healthcare Management
Professor Dr. Sherry Grover
Phase 1 Task 1 DB 2
July 10, 2010
` As the health care industry evolves and changes so do the legal and ethical issues that its employees face. An employee of the hospital has come to you with a question. He has heard a lot about issues the organization is facing currently and says he is confused by how the decisions on these issues will be made from and ethical and legal perspective (CTU online course material, 2011). This post will attempt to explain to him what an ethical perspective is and what legal perspective is and how similar they are as well as how different they are (CTU online course materials, 2011).
Ethical Perspective defined
Ethics is referred to as moral philosophy, the discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and wrong (Pozar, 2005). There are two views of ethics: the Micro-ethics which is an individual view of what is right and wrong that is based on the individual??™s life experience and then there is the Macro-ethics which is a more general view of what is right or wrong (Pozar, 2005). Ethics has to do with the standards of conduct and moral judgments (CTU online course material, 2010). Ethics is what an individual believes is right or wrong .
Legal Perspective defined
So now let us look at the legal perspective to decision making. Law is a system of principles and rules of human conduct prescribed by society and enforced by public authority (Harris, 2010). The law is the minimum performance that is expected in society. In making decision all of the laws governing the organization must be taken into consideration to avoid prosecution or fines or both.
Knowing what each of these perspectives is I would have difficulty in agreeing totally with the statement because it depends on the issue and there is a difference when you are making a decision. I believe that it depends on what the issue is. Ethics and legal perspective are not totally separate from each other. The rules that are used to make laws are based on the ethical beliefs that are commonly held in our society (Harris, 2010). In an article by Bruce Weinstein entitled ???If It??™s Legal, It??™s Ethical Right It pointed out that with a law it changes over time (Weinstein, 2007). With the current change in healthcare there will be many, many new laws in the coming years. Laws vary from state to state. Laws are influenced by the political and economic interest and the interest of people, and they often determine which laws will get passed and what will be in those laws (Weinstein, 2007). However, people lobby for laws based on their ethical beliefs and what they think is right and wrong. There is someone lying in the street that you have to go over and help them but from the ethical standpoint it would be almost inhumane not too. Another thing about the ethical standards is that it goes beyond a thought or a belief of time, place and the whims of politics. With the law there are penalties that will be imposed if they are violated however the penalty for violating and ethical requirement may involve scorn or ridicule from others or simply feelings of guilt or shame but nothing that would be considered as severe as prison. So to answer your question there is difference in the way you approach a decision from a legal perspective and an ethical perspective. They will however tie into each other at some point in the business world and especially in Healthcare.
Harris, D.M. (2010). Contemporary Issues in Healthcare Law and Ethics. (Third Edition). Chicago, IL. Health Administration Press.
Pozar, G.D. (2005). Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals. (First edition) Sudbury: MA. Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Weinstein, B. (2007). If it??™s Legal, It??™s Ethical Right Retrieved from website at http://www.businessweek.com/managing/content/oct2007/ca20071011_458606.htm